World Aid’s Day: December 1, 2021

World Aid’s Day celebrated on December 1, 2021, since 1988. An international day celebrated to spread awareness about the HIV/AIDS pandemic mainly caused by the spread of HIV. Infection and to remember those who died in this pandemic.

Introduction To AIDS :

AIDS stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. It is a life-threatening condition caused by immunodeficiency disease (HIV).

Some of the key points given as below:

  • AIDS is a chronic disease. Chronic here means, a disease or a problem that stands for long time.
  • AIDS is the last stage of the HIV infection that occures when the immune system of the body is completely damaged by the virus.
  • It damage our immune system.
  • HIV/AIDS interferes with our body’s ability to fight against the diseases.
  • It symptoms depends on the stage of HIV/AIDS you are at.
  • Without HIV medicines, a person with AIDS can only survive for three years.
  • The life expectancy of the patient with AIDS without treatment is approximately 1 year.
  • Sometimes HIV medicines can be life saving.

Symptoms of HIV :

Although the symptoms of HIV depend on the stage or phase of HIV/AIDS you are at but below mentioned are some of the common symptoms:

  • Fever
  • Diarrhea
  • Fatigue
  • Pneumonia
  • Rash

and many more…

When HIV progressed to AIDS, our immune system gets completely damaged and is likely to develop cancer. Some of the signs and symptoms of AIDS are as follows :

  • Chills
  • Sweat
  • Chronic Diarrhea
  • Fever
  • Weight loss

many more..

Causes of AIDS :

HIV/AIDS caused by the virus and can spread through sexual contact, from mother to child during pregnancy, blood, childbirth, or breastfeeding

Infection caused by HIV/AIDS :

  • Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP): This fungal infection causes several illnesses. It declined if treated significantly with the treatment of HIV/AIDS.
  • Candidiasis (Thrush): A very common infectious disease caused by HIV. It affects the mouth, tongue and food pipe.
  • Tuberculosis (TB): The most commonly assosciated disease with AIDS. It can even cause death.
  • Cryptococcal meningitis: It is the inflammation of the membrane and fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord. It is a common nervous system infection associated with HIV.

Prevention :

  • Clean Needle : If you are using needle to inject drug into your body make sure it is clean and don’t share with anyone.
  • Do not use alcohol and drugs.
  • Get vaccinated on time.
  • Do not feed your baby if you have HIV.

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